Friday, October 21, 2016

Aviation School Training – Learn To Take-Off In Normal Conditions

May 31, 2011 by  
Filed under Travel

It seems that no matter whether you are Pilot or passenger the most intense moment of flying is the take offs and landings. These are two areas that student pilots pay particularly close attention to. This doesn’t mean that there can’t be other issues once the plane is in the air, but statistics show most problems occur in take offs and landings. Out of the two, more accidents occur during landing. Interestingly enough though if the accident occurs during take off it appears to be far more serious.

Naturally, the ideal scenario for takeoff is what they call normal conditions. This means there are no cross winds present to be concerned about. A Pilot must constantly be aware of the weather conditions from both the outlook within the plan as well as when outside.

At the start of their take off training student pilots perceive take off as being one continuous maneuvering effect it is but you need to look at the various segments of the take off.

Segment One The take off roll. Aside of the adrenalin rush you are going to feel in the beginning you have the techniques that you must concentrate on to successfully complete this segment. You will enter into this phase once you have been cleared to enter the runway. Your feet must remain on the rudder pedals but at the same time ensure that there is no pressure on the brakes. From here, you must keep your movements smooth and continuous. You want to avoid any type of jerking movements. So without hesitation engage the throttle without hesitating. Give the plane the power it needs to clear the runway. The length of the runway is there because of your requirements so use all of it. If you are too far forwards, then move the plane back until it is in proper position. Don’t forget you are going to have to offset the torque effect and you will do this by adding right rudder pressure.

You should now be at the point where you are moving down the runway. Once again, smoothly but consistently use your rudder pedals to keep your direction under control. Your airspeed is what will ultimately control your direction but until you reach that point, you need to rely on your nose or tail wheel for that purpose. Never use your brakes to control your steering. The neutral position is where you should find your ailerons in, provided the wind conditions are stable or normal.

You will notice that as your air speed accelerates your elevator and rudder will become more effective in your directional maneuvers. You can enhance this by keeping minimal backpressure on the elevator during this time. These items will only become effective as the air moves over your aircraft. Once all this has been accomplished, it means you have reached your rotation speed. Prior to this point though be sure there is not too much backpressure on the yoke. There is a condition know as ground effect that could cause you to prematurely lift off before you are capable of being airborne. In some instances, you need to remain in ground effect while your airspeed is increasing. Under normal lift off circumstance, utilize what runway is available to you.

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